Art and Culture


The 20th century has been one in which artists in the United States have broken free from Old World antecedents, taking the various cultural disciplines in new directions with impressive, innovative results.

In the early 19th century, artists primarily painted landscapes and portraits in a realistic style based mainly on Western painting and European arts. After World War II, New York replaced Paris as the center of the art world. Since then many American movements have shaped Modern and Postmodern art Art in the United States today covers a huge range of styles.

These are some of the notable selection works of the 19th century.

  • Edward Hicks, Peaceable Kingdom, c. 1834, National Gallery of Art


edward hicks



  • Frederic Edwin Church,Aurora Borealis, 1865,Smithsonian American Art Museum Washington, D.C.


federis edwins



  • Childe Hassam, Celia Thaxter’s Garden, 1890, The Metropolitan Museum of Art



child hassam

  • John J. Audubon, Washington Sea Eagle, c. 1836-1839, Smithsonian American Art


John J. Audubon


  • American Realism became the new direction for American visual artists at the turn of the 20th century.
  • The photographer Alfred Steiglitz (1864–1946) led the Photo-Secession movement



  • The Ashcan painters. George Bellows, Everett Shinn, George Benjamin Luks, William Glackens, and John Sloan Were American realist and illustrators.



Some of the early American modernist painters.

  • John Marin, Marsden Hartley, Alfred Henry Maurer.

Early modernist sculptors in America include

  • William Zorach, Elie Nadelman, and Paul Manship.

sculpture usa


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