After the Great Depression (1929), the world faced an economic crisis, causing masses of people to follow political leaders who offered simple solutions in return for dictatorial power. By 1939, only two major European states—France and Great Britain— remained democratic. Italy, the Soviet Union, Germany, and many other European states adopted dictatorial regimes. This type of dictatorship was called a totalitarian state that was a central government that aims to control the political, economic, social, intellectual, and cultural lives of its citizens. It main ideology was nationalism, making the masses to achieve the country’s goals whether those goals included war, a socialist state, or a thousand-year empire. All of this ambition for power and nationalism lead to the WWII.
- Spielvogel, Jackson. Glencoe World History. E.U.A: National Geographic, 2008. P.979.